Building a Log Cabin on the Treeless Plains

Historian Everett Dick referred to the Great Plains as the “sod-house frontier,” and Nebraska photographer Solomon Butcher made many iconic images of soddies, but frontier Nebraska also saw its share of log cabins. Roger Welsch explored the subject in a 1980 Nebraska History article that is now available online.

Jacob S. Hunt log house

Jacob S. Hunt log house near Wilber, Nebraska, 1903. NSHS RG813-194

Welsch wanted to study Nebraska log cabins as an expression of folklore, to see “what happened to the waves of log-house tradition as it waned and died on the treeless Plains.”

Welsch writes:

The first settlers, after all, did not seize upon the idea of the sod house, embrace it, and abandon all they had known for centuries. They knew about log construction, they preferred it, and so as far as possible and as long as possible they built with logs.

Welsch studied extant log houses and all the Nebraska log house photographs he could find in the Nebraska State Historical Society collections and elsewhere. He  observed:

Nebraska timber was not only scarce but also short, knotty, and convoluted. Rare were the tall straight trunks necessary for a large, tight log house. Such timber is the result of forest competition and full moisture in climax woodlands, a notably rare Nebraska feature.

This resulted in cabins with large, uneven gaps between the logs, which were sealed by chinking:

Chinking is surprisingly durable and efficient caulking, but where the soil was not fine enough to form a good mortar or where chinking was carelessly done (which was always possible: the average size log house has approximately 1/2 mile of linear chinking!) a storm could turn a house into little more than a roofed cage.

Welsch also writes about the hows and whys of foundations, roofs, and chimneys (Did you know that limestone tends to explode when heated?), the placement of windows and doorways, the plastering and whitewashing of interiors. If you want to understand how Nebraska log houses were built and lived in, this article is a great introduction.

See what’s new in Nebraska History magazine.

—David Bristow, Associate Director / Publications

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3 Responses to Building a Log Cabin on the Treeless Plains

  1. Michelle HansenDaberkow says:

    I am taking photos for gravesites in the Lincoln area. I am wondering if in 2003 …with the donation of some land to Lancaster County during Mayor Wesely term, if Teachman Graveyard was moved, or if the possible 40 graves there are listed somewhere.
    I am a volunteer for and only 2 stones have been found by another volunteer, but several depressions are visible as in 2003. Thank you for any history on the Traveler’s Rest Inn that was located near there, its occupants and possible listing of people buried there or moved to another location. So far we have collected some names of people buried there…but are not sure of the accuracy. Thank You. Was Traveler’s Rest Inn a log structure?

    • dbristow says:

      Here is a link to a 1941 oral history (PDF) by Emerson Shirley, whose father, William, ran the Traveler’s Rest Inn:

      Also, there is a newspaper reference to the Traveler’s Inn and to Shirley’s Station, an early post office and “ranche” operated by William Shirley, who also ran the inn: “Tavern Built on Stevens Creek Sixty Years Ago Still Stands, New Light on the First White Child Born in Lancaster County,” Sunday State Journal, Sept. 21, 1930, C:3. It’s a half-page feature article based on information from Emerson Shirley, and includes photos of the still-standing “hotel,” Mr. and Mrs. William Shirley, and Charles Shirley, said to be the first white child born in Lancaster County. This newspaper is available on microfilm in the NSHS Library/Archives Reference Room (location, hours, and contact info are here).

  2. Please contact me directly via my e-mail ( regarding what information we have in the Registry regarding Teachman Graveyard.

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